Why is Vitamin D Intake So Important?

Why is Vitamin D Intake So Important?

Sometimes called the “Sunshine Vitamin”, Vitamin D is involved in so many physiological functions, when looking at the detail, you almost wonder if there is anything this vitamin doesn’t do!  It has received increased attention in the last 10 years, with many people taking daily supplements as part of their everyday routine.

Vitamin D is normally obtained through exposure of the skin to UVB through sunlight. This is great in the summer months, but during the winter, when days are shorter and exposure to sun is less, we run the risk of developing a Vitamin D deficiency. This is quite widespread in those that live in northern latitudes where sunlight levels are lower, including little old us here in GB! Another great reason to lap up any winter sunshine when it appears, let alone because it makes training or being outdoors much less bracing!

The variations of Vitamin D deficiency status between individuals can also be seen as a result of dietary intake, clothing worn during exercise and overall lifestyle (30). Whatever the reason for Vitamin D deficiency, it can have a significant effect on not only sporting performance but more importantly overall health and wellbeing.

 

Why do we need Vitamin D?

Vitamin D plays many vital roles in our body. The most renowned is its role in aiding the absorption of dietary calcium, and subsequent role in maintaining bone health. So, without Vitamin D present, we don’t absorb as much or any calcium from what we eat and drink, missing out on its vital benefits without realising. It also plays a crucial role in muscle function, recovery, and repair. A study in the Journal of Physiology showed that supplementing with 4000IU/day of Vitamin D had a positive effect on recovery following a bout of damaging eccentric exercise (31).

Vitamin D also plays an important role in immune function.  A study in 2011 looked at Vitamin D levels in college athletes over the winter and spring. It showed that those athletes with Vitamins D levels less than 95 n.mol.1 experienced one or more episodes of upper respiratory tract infection compared to those with higher concentrations of measured Vitamin D.

 

Where can I get Vitamin D from and how much should I take?

Vitamin D exists in very few foods, but mainly oily fish, red meat, liver, eggs yolks and fortified foods such as cereal and spreads). As a result, it’s very hard to meet daily requirements through food consumption alone. The Department of Health recommends taking a daily supplement of 10 micrograms  (400 IU) through the winter months and all year round if you are not outside very often or you wear clothes that cover you up when outdoors.

If you are deficient you may need to supplement with more, however, as there are not clear signs to look out for it is hard to judge. General signs such as recurrent injury, fatigue and muscle soreness can be warning signals but hard to identify, as a lot of athletes can feel like this simply as a result of training.  Rather than guessing, the best way to find out is having a blood test. This can give you a clear answer on whether you need to supplement or not and will be advised by your Dr or dietitian as to what level to take. Although rare, as Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin (excess amounts get stored, rather than excreted) there is always a chance that you can obtain too much Vitamin D if you supplement with high levels without a clear reason to. Although we know maintaining Vitamin D levels within the recommended amount is beneficial for our health and athletic performance, it is still unproven that Vitamin D supplementation is a direct performance enhancer.

 

Vitamin D’s effects on Cardiorespiratory Fitness (CRF)

Vitamin D also plays an important role in immune function, especially if you’re active.  A study in 2011 looked at Vitamin D levels in college athletes over the winter and spring. It showed that those athletes with Vitamin D levels less than 95 n.mol.1 experienced one or more episodes of upper respiratory tract infection compared to those with higher concentrations of measured Vitamin D.

Additionally, a recent study published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology looked into a link between Vitamin D and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). They tested the blood of 2000 subjects to determine their Vitamin D levels compared to their VO2 max (a marker of cardiorespiratory fitness showing how efficiently your body utilises oxygen).

They found that those in the higher quartile of Vitamin D levels had significantly higher VO2 max levels, compared to those in the lower quartile. This suggested an association between CRP fitness and Vitamin D levels. However, it is a bit of a chicken and egg scenario as the researchers are still yet to conclude from this if CRF is better because of higher Vit D levels, or if Vit D levels are better because of higher CRF.

The general consensus is that Vitamin D deficiency can affect athletic performance, but it is still unknown if Vit D supplementation in those that are not deficient will have the same effects on performance and recovery as those that have a proven Vit D deficiency. More studies on this are needed.

 

Article by Alex Cook, The Sports Dietician

https://www.thesportsdietitian.co.uk/

 

 

Christmas Season Survival Tips from our Dietician, Alex Cook

Christmas Season Survival Tips from our Dietician, Alex Cook

Christmas is a season to eat and be merry of course, but many use it as an excuse to overindulge. Many claim putting on weight over the festive season is part and parcel of celebrations but in reality, it is not necessary and can be avoided. Maintain focus on your longer term goals, whether that’s simply to be healthier overall, or even as hardcore as preparing for competitive events in the new year; keeping them in mind will help you decide where to draw your lines!

We are not advising anyone to restrict their food intake, but if you want to enjoy the next few weeks without overdoing it, follow our Christmas survival top tips to control the festive urge!

 

  1. Maintain your routine – Although it’s only natural for things to go a little awry over Christmas time, try and keep some things the same. Maintaining some basic principles of drinking plenty of water, having a good breakfast and making sure you hit 5 fruit and vegetables a day will stand you in good stead. Think about planning your exercise in where you can too, something is better than nothing, especially if the Christmas week is a little hectic with family and commitments.  
  2. Don’t feel guilty – if you do go a little overboard, banish the guilt. Don’t use words such as “cheat day” or “bad” food. You need to enjoy yourself so get rid of negative talk. Enjoy your time and your food and if you think you slightly overdo it, just cut back a bit the next day. Think about balancing it across the week, if you have one day you’ve overindulged for a staff party or such, you can still eat really well and clean on the other days.   
  3. Don’t feel obliged – It is ok to say no! Just because someone has offered or made something, you don’t have to eat it. Don’t feel pressured by the “but it’s Christmas” comment. Eat and drink what you are comfortable with and don’t eat or drink to please others. 
  4. Have a protein rich snack before you go out – Protein takes longer to digest and therefore keeps you full up for longer. If you go out feeling really hungry, you are more likely to yield to monster portions when faced with the option. Have some hummus and raw veg or greek yogurt with seeds and nuts – that will keep hunger at bay. 
  5. Avoid buying too much food – Having cupboards bursting with foods can be a recipe for disaster. The temptation to eat more than you need is there as a result of not wanting it to “go to waste”. Try and only buy what you need and avoid over-sized boxes, tins of biscuits and crisps etc…if they are there, you will only be tempted to eat more. 
  6. Back away from that buffet! – Buffets can be a dangerous place, bitesize food makes it feel like you’re not eating a lot when you are. Make sure you fill half your plate up with veggies or salad, then protein based foods such as chicken or fish and then the smallest portion carbohydrates like bread or potatoes. Take time selecting your food and once your plate is full, move away to avoid the oh-so-easy grazing and hopefully to do some dancing!